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Sectors can provide targeted exposure to specific segments of the economy, providing an opportunity to help investors potentially enhance returns and manage risk.
Viewpoints & White Papers
- 1. “The Business Cycle Approach to Sector Investing,” Fidelity Investments (AART), June 2021. The diagram above is a hypothetical illustration of the business cycle. There is not always a chronological, linear progression among the phases of the business cycle, and there have been cycles when the economy has skipped a phase or retraced an earlier one. Economically sensitive assets include stocks and high-yield corporate bonds, while less economically sensitive assets include Treasury bonds and cash. We use the classic definition of recession, involving an outright contraction in economic activity, for developed economies. Source: Fidelity Investments (AART), as of March 31, 2022.
- Past performance is no guarantee of future results.
- Stock markets, especially foreign markets, are volatile and can decline significantly in response to adverse issuer, political, regulatory, market, or economic developments. Because of their narrow focus, sector funds tend to be more volatile than funds that diversify across many sectors and companies. A sector fund may have additional volatility because it can invest a significant portion of assets in securities of a small number of individual issuers. Each sector fund is also subject to the additional risks associated with its particular industry.
- Investing involves risk, including risk of loss. Investment decisions should be based on an individual’s own goals, time horizon, and tolerance for risk.
- Unlike mutual funds, ETF shares are bought and sold at market price, which may be higher or lower than their NAV, and are not individually redeemed from the fund.
- ETFs are subject to market fluctuation, the risks of their underlying investments, management fees, and other expenses.
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- The S&P 500® index is a market capitalization-weighted index of 500 common stocks chosen for market size, liquidity, and industry group representation to represent U.S. equity performance. S&P 500® is a registered trademark of Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC. The Russell 1000® Index is a stock market index that represents the highest-ranking 1,000 stocks in the Russell 3000® Index, which represents about 90% of the total market capitalization of that index. Sectors and industries are defined by the Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS®). The S&P 500 sector indexes include the 11 standard GICS sectors that make up the S&P 500® index. The market capitalization of all S&P 500® sector indexes together comprises the market capitalization of the parent S&P 500® index; each member of the S&P 500® index is assigned to one (and only one) sector. Sectors are defined as follows: Communication Services: companies that facilitate communication or provide access to entertainment content and other information through various types of media. Consumer Discretionary: companies that provide goods and services that people want but don't necessarily need, such as televisions, cars, and sporting goods; these businesses tend to be the most sensitive to economic cycles. Consumer Staples: companies that provide goods and services that people use on a daily basis, like food, household products, and personal-care products; these businesses tend to be less sensitive to economic cycles. Energy: companies whose businesses are dominated by either of the following activities: the construction or provision of oil rigs, drilling equipment, or other energy-related services and equipment, including seismic data collection; or the exploration, production, marketing, refining, and/or transportation of oil and gas products, coal, and consumable fuels. Financials: companies involved in activities such as banking, consumer finance, investment banking and brokerage, asset management, and insurance and investments. Health Care: companies in two main industry groups: health care equipment suppliers and manufacturers, and providers of health care services; and companies involved in the research, development, production, and marketing of pharmaceuticals and biotechnology products. Industrials: companies whose businesses manufacture and distribute capital goods, provide commercial services and supplies, or provide transportation services. Materials: companies that are engaged in a wide range of commodity-related manufacturing. Real Estate: companies in two main industry groups—real estate investment trusts (REITs), and real estate management and development companies. Technology: companies in technology software and services and technology hardware and equipment. Utilities: companies considered to be electric, gas, or water utilities, or companies that operate as independent